What is Residency?

After you graduate with your medical degree, the next step is residency.

Did you know:

  • Residency is the postgraduate training required in Canada to become any type of physician. This applies to specialists as well as general (family) practitioners.
  • It’s the “hands-on” portion of training when new doctors work under more senior physicians in a clinic or teaching hospital.
  • It usually lasts 2-7 years, depending on the specialty you choose
  • You earn an income!

According to www.carms.ca, the earnings range for Canadian medical residents in the various Canadian provinces are:

  • Alberta - $55,073 - $95,207
  • British Columbia - $50,660 - $81,114
  • Newfoundland and Labrador - $53,282 - $81,589
  • Maritimes - $60,779 - $96,496
  • Quebec - $44,111 - $72,120
  • Ontario - $55,826 - $89,551
  • Manitoba - $54,956 - $93,055
  • Saskatchewan - $56,814 - $82,371

Updated 2016


A medical residency is a postgraduate training program, which allows the resident physician to perform as a licensed practitioner while under the supervision of an experienced preceptor.

Each university in Canada with a medical degree program also offers a residency program. Some residency programs have a particular focus such as the Rural Alberta South and Rural Alberta North rural residency programs in Alberta offered through the U of A and U of C.

When medical students have completed their medical degree, they apply and are “matched’ with a residency program through an organization called the Canadian Residency Matching Services or CaRMS. For more information on the matching process, see www.carms.ca.


Top